Islam: A Short History (Karen Armstrong)

Karen Armstrong, a former Roman Catholic nun, penned Islam: A Short History, printed in 2000. Armstrong, who has been a scholar of Islamophobia since the Crusades, forthwith composed about religions and history. Her other works include Budha, The Battle for Allah, In the Beginning: A New Interpretation of Genesis, A History of Jerusalem, One City, Three Faiths, Through the Narrow Gate, Muhammad (SA) A Biography of the Prophet.

Islam is the most misinterpreted and denounced religion in the modern world. Terrorism, authoritarianism, gender injustice, and civil conflict are all implanted in the philosophy of this religion. Karen Armstrong demonstrates that the world's fastest-growing belief is further multifaceted than its contemporary fundamentalist pressure implies.

Karen Armstrong considers it essential to discard Islam's idea as a violent, vicious, and isolated civilization. It sprang with Muhammad (SA), 'Allah's Messenger,' and a revelation he endured.

Muhammad (SA) earns his existence as a humble messenger abandoned by society as civilization advances. As a consequence, society is regarded as a divine demonstration.

Armstrong investigates the Muslim world's political and religious history from the Quran's revelation to today. Among her themes are early Muslim leaders and a trial that triggered an Arab civil war. She investigates how Western democracy has shaped Islam. Eventually, Armstrong observes Muslim fundamentalism as a global, rather than religious, phenomenon.

Throughout Islam's history, Shiites, Sufis, and Sunnis have accumulated their schools of thought.

Throughout the 9th century Abbasid era, numerous political events contributed to the caliphates. Armstrong considers the 14th-century Muslim success of the Mongols and the originating of the Sunni Iranian kingdom. When Western dominance began, they educated the Muslim's incapacity into the competency for imperial control.

According to Armstrong, the Islamic religion's fundamental aim is a just society. All people are treated equally and with respect. The Islamic faith has been consumed throughout history as with every other religion, its sacred scriptures, and practices. The political well-being of Muslims is significant.

The trial posed by non-believers provoked Muslims to deem that their religion was under siege and that life needed utmost importance. They were required to act diligently to reform their faith, or it would be gone forever.

Armstrong demonstrates that Muslims set a high premium on maintaining their history. Assassinations, invasions, conflicts, and power conflicts among leaders were all part of the Islamic crusade.

Armstrong reviews the Western democracies' impact on Islam from colonialism to the present. From a philosophical standpoint, the history of an absolute democracy is complex. As a consequence of colonialism, Islam was transformed into a religion of colonial power. Muslims often scolded colonizers.

As a consequence, colonialists viewed Islam as an unfit, corrupt, and dangerous civilization. Colonialists' ethnocentric thoughts deceived them to the actuality that Islamic states occurred due to agricultural domination. This kind of approach caused hatred. Armstrong observed a high level of antagonism and hated among Muslims.

She maintains that Muslim-majority nations cannot develop the same way as Japan, never colonized. Due to their detachment from the West, their institutions and economy endured sound.

Muslims do not presently have contemporary political systems, which are universally accepted. Muslims have always attempted flawless political systems and leaders, as Armstrong's book reveals.

With the secularisation of the world, religious life has shifted increasingly tricky for the world's main religions. Contemporary Muslim nations have the same difficulties. Consequently, Islam's acknowledgment of modernity's challenges must rely on its traditions and endeavor an ideal leader.

Armstrong is a devoted fundamentalist. According to her, the Western media has consistently depicted Islam as a violent and extreme faith. According to her, fundamentalism is a worldwide phenomenon concerning all major religions.

Fundamentalism may occur after significant modernization has occurred. Religious leaders must gain a way to accommodate the two or face the vengeance of specific followers. According to Armstrong, fundamentalist actions started in the United States before extending globally.

According to Armstrong, fundamentalism displays modernity's weaknesses and pessimism. Secularism is viewed as a threat to religious convictions. As a consequence, fundamentalism solicits to re-establish the past.

Fundamentalists found by re-segregating themselves from society. Bear in mind that radicals understand their struggle for survival as a war. Some turn to terrorism, while others try legal means to restore their religion.

Armstrong is a fan of fundamentalists' struggles to defend religion. Religion has surged to prominence in world politics as a counterbalance to secularism's margins. According to Armstrong, fundamentalism is a process of reintroducing spirituality and intelligence into contemporary society.

She is fully aware that extremism is incompatible with religious notions such as tolerance and reconciliation.



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